Role Of Line Different Line Patterns In Interior Design And Furniture

Design is the process of shaping the experience of interior space, through the manipulation of spatial volume as well as surface treatment.

Interior design is a creative practice that establishes a conceptual direction, refines the design direction, and produces graphic communication and construction documents. It’s important ingredients are – Function, Mood and Personality.


  • A line is a mark made by a moving point
  • Has a psychological impact according to its direction, weight, and the variations in its direction and weight.
  • made to function in both visual and verbal ways.
  • Line is not necessarily an artificial creation of the artist or designer; it exists in nature.
  • It can function independently to suggest forms that can be recognized, even when the lines are limited in extent.
  • Lines can be combined with other lines to create textures and patterns. This is common in engravings and pen and ink drawings.

Line patterns have an extensive and exclusive impact on a design, spaces and furniture. These patterns influence one’s mood and the aura of a room. An ambiance can have a positive, negative, warm, loud, mellow, subtle, relaxing and many such moods depending on the environment created by these patterns. Line also communicates emotion and states of mind through its character and direction.

Different types of line patterns and their effect on design are as follows:

Horizontal line

  • Suggests a feeling of rest or repose. Objects parallel to the earth are at rest in relation to gravity.
  • Compositions in which horizontal lines dominate tend to be quiet and restful in feeling.
  • They are found in tables, low-backed chairs and bookshelves that balance the severity of the vertical lines.

Vertical line

  • Communicate a feeling of loftiness and spirituality.
  • Erect lines seem to extend upwards beyond human reach, toward the sky.
  • They often dominate public architecture, from cathedrals to corporate headquarters.
  • Extended perpendicular lines suggest an overpowering grandeur, beyond ordinary human measure.
  • They create an illusion of height, as in draperies and doorways.

Diagonal lines

  • Suggest a feeling of movement or direction.
  • Since objects in a diagonal position are unstable in relation to gravity, being neither vertical nor horizontal, they are either about to fall, or are already in motion.
  • They give a feeling of sophistication and refinement to a room, as in stair cases and in some fabrics.

Curved lines

  • Curves suggest comfort, safety, familiarity, relaxation.
  • They have a pleasing, sensual quality.
  • They are found in tied- back curtains and in the legs and corners of furnitures.

Author: Jack

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